Primary Stages of Child Development Stage

A little boy wearing a green shirt

In the primary stages of human life, the baby remains largely unformed and unable to communicate. It can breathe only via its nostrils and cannot talk. It relies on its mother for nourishment and keeps to herself, apart from a few exceptions. By the time it is about one year old, the child begins to become curious about the environment, starts imitating what it sees around them, and can start expressing itself through gestures and words.

Characteristics Of The Primary Stages of Child Development

A man lying on a bed

The primary stages of child development continue at this stage for another two years or so before a child is at the age of three. During this stage, the child can understand and distinguish between different colors, shapes, and sounds. They can speak at a definite period, but it is not uncommon for a child to be unable to express himself through words by that time. They begin to develop their vocal cords and can respond to sounds in the surrounding environment.

The Stages of Child Development

A person that is standing in the grass

The four primary stages of child development are Pre-birth, Infancy, Early infancy, and Childhood. In the Pre-birth stage, the baby stays mostly inside its mother’s womb, unable to experience life outside the womb. During this time, the child remains inside the mother’s uterus, covered in mucus and nourished on her milk. The umbilical cord is wrapped around the baby and is attached to the placenta, which gives the first life.

Pre-birth and the early months of infanthood are the first two primary stages of child development. Infancy lasts between birth and one year, and Childhood in the next period lasts from birth to about one year. A child reaches their third primary stage after Childhood. Every three years, a child reaches the age of three, which is considered the end of their preliminary stages of child development.

The infant stays inside the mother’s uterus for the first few months of life and gets nourished on her milk until about one month. After this period, the child is separated from the mother and fed formula or breast milk. A child development expert defines this period as the pre-verbal stage of child development.


This article aims at defining the stages of development that we observe in children and how these changes affect the child. We have taken ‘children’ as a term since every child grows up differently. However, all children show some common aspects in their development from birth to the end of adolescence. Each stage helps a child to grow and develop optimally. Our lives are shaped by these three primary stages of child development, and this article seeks to explain these aspects in more detail. Development of the child is highest at the young age. Make sure you give them the perfect guidance.

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