Over the years, many scientists have observed child development in various children and have come up with their own unique child development learning theories. These theories elaborate on the ways children grow and develop. It is a very fascinating study that answers many questions on how children develop, at which age they become more susceptible to external changes, how to improve child development, and minimize detriments. Here are some of the major theories explained.
Child Development Learning Theories
Erikson’s Psychosocial Development Theory
Erik Erikson was an eminent scientist studying psychoanalytic and psychological development. He also came up with the phrase ‘identity crisis’. His main work was on the theory of child development through psychoanalysis. His theory provided detailed information on human growth in all stages of life. He also divided human growth into eight different stages. He also explained the key to the outcomes of a child’s development stage and that afterward was due to the principles of social interaction, learning, and experience.
Bowlby’s Attachment Theory
John Bowlby was also a clever psychologist who came up with his unique theory in the matter of child development. He prepared one of the earliest child development theories which are referred to even today. He asserted that the majority part of a child’s development is based on the child’s need to attach to someone and something. These attachments can be to several people, places, and things. These have an effect on the final development pattern of the child throughout his life.
Freud’s Psychosexual Development Theory
Sigmund Freud was one of the most intellectual legislators in his time. He came up with the theory of psychosexual development in children in which he explained what a child experiences at different levels in childhood. His theories explain different behavior patterns in a child’s later stage in life. From this theory, scientists have developed various other theories including studies, disciplines, and such others too.
Bandura’s Social Learning Theory
Albert Bandura’s social learning theory is referred to by many scientists today in different professions and industries. In this theory, he establishes various concepts regarding child learning and development. He also explains various other stages in a child’s development. Today, Bandura is a prominent scientist at Stanford University.
Piaget’s Cognitive Development Theory
In this theory, the scientist explains that children think differently than adults. This is today an obvious fact, but at that time, to put this observation into paper was revolutionary in itself. It was the basis of various other theories that followed soon after. This theory also divided a child’s life into various stages, each of which has it’s own characteristic important and differences. It also explains the vulnerabilities of each stage.
These are the various theories about child development that were very popular in those days. It is because of these theories that various other theories came up and scientists could find answers to many other behavioral patterns in children. These theories also help to counter and understand various behavioral disturbances in children and what led to such psychic patterns.
These child development learning theories are very different from each other as each studies a different concept. This subject is indeed huge and is best understood by celebrated child psychologists.