The right child development theories chart lets you know how children grow and change over their childhood period. These theories depend on lots of aspects, which include emotional, cognitive, and social growth. That’s the reason the study on human development is a varied and rich subject. Also, we all have experience with our own self about personal development. But still, it becomes difficult to understand people’s growth, learning, and the reason for acting a certain way.
Though we all have gone through the childhood period, still we are sometimes unable to understand a child’s behavior. We wonder why the little one behaved in a certain way. That’s where the development psychologists created the child development theories chart that predicts the behavioral patterns of a human. There are some top development theories that cover all aspects of human growth.
Child Development Theories Chart: Freud’s Psychosexual Development Theory
As Freud worked with the patients that suffered mental illness, he believed that childhood experiences and unconscious desires build behaviors. His theory shows that as a human come in close contact with conflicts, it can have a lifelong influence. Those influences will reflect on his/her personality and behavior. Freud’s psychosexual theory says that human development focus on different pleasure areas of the body. And during the course of development, the child has to encounter lots of conflicts. And it shapes the behavioral pattern in a person.
Erikson’s Psychosocial Development Theory
During the twentieth century’s first half, the psychoanalytic theory was an influential force. Those who were inspired by Freud further went on to expand Freud’s theories with their own ideas. Among all the neo-Freudians, Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development stood out. He proposed an eight-stage theory of psychological development.
The theory describes a human’s growth and changes all throughout his/her life. And everything focuses more on social interactions and conflicts, which develops at different life stages. Unlike Freud’s focus on sexual interest as the main force in a person’s development, Erikson pointed to experience and social interactions.
Child Development Theories Chart: Behavioral Child Development Theories
The behavioral child development theories came into existence with the rise of behaviorists in the twentieth century. They believed that for psychology to become more scientific, the focus should be on quantifiable and observable behaviors. And the behaviorists believed that environmental influences describe human behavior.
Piaget’s Cognitive Development Theory
Piaget proposed that children and adults think completely differently about a situation. The cognitive development theory explains the thought process development and mental states. It further focuses on the influence of thought processes when it comes to an understanding and interacting with the world. Piaget went with his cognitive development theory on the child a little further. He gifted us with four stages of a child’s intellectual development.
Child Development Theories Chart: Bowlby’s Attachment Theory
When it comes to children’s social development, there has been a lot of researches. And Bowlby’s attachment theory has been one of the earliest theories. He believed that childhood relationships with caregivers could play a major role in a child’s development. And the influence reflects throughout his/her life.
The attachment theory reflects that children have the natural need for forming attachments. In that survival stage, a child must receive the utmost care and protection to thrive. These attachments are characterized by motivational and behavioral patterns.
Bandura’s Social Learning Theory
According to Bandura, the human learning process is not explained by conditioning and reinforcement. The social learning theory suggests that children can learn behaviors through modeling and observation. However, for learning through observation, there is not always a need for a live model. Verbal instructions, listening to a person, or following fictional characters molds the characters.
Vygotsky’s Sociocultural Theory
Just like Piaget, Vygotsky believed that children’s learning process happens actively and with practical experience. The theory of Vygotsky suggests that peers, caregivers, parents, and culture have importance in developing higher-order functions. According to Vygotsky, through the interactive learning process, an individual’s understanding of the world becomes better.