Every parent feels the anxiousness beside their joy of having their child due to child development stages. Often they wonder whether their child’s development is on the right track. As the child is growing up, they go through some rapid changes for the first few years. Therefore, from parents to caregivers, all have to stay focused on all those changes. However, it’s natural for new parents to feel confused and tensed about these child development stages by age. But, the child development experts have prepared various charts for each domain of a child’s development.
Of course, not all the things you see in the checklists or charts based on the children’s age might not match. After all, these are general charts, and none are personalized. So, it is okay to witness some variations in your child’s development. However, things may bring concern if none of the skills and abilities met with the child at all, even at a certain age. Only then, you would have to consult a child specialist to see what the issues are. Sometimes, some children develop slower than others, and that’s perfectly fine. So, without waiting any more, let’s know about the child development stages by age:
Child Development Stages By Age: Birth To 18 Months
This is the most crucial period when your baby’s growth and development happens rapidly. Therefore, parents and caregivers should speak to the baby a lot in this phase. As they hear voices, it helps in developing their communication skills. From the first month, they will show interest in human faces but get bored with repeated activities. During the 4-6 months, they will be able to notice the music and respond to love and affection. Some hand and leg movements start in between 5-9 months. Till the little one becomes six months old, he/she responds to the facial expressions and responds differently to different people. Babbling to using small words start happening in this period forward.
18 Months To 2 Years
In their toddler phase, children will need good nutritional food, lots of sleep, and loving, close relationships with their parents and caregivers. It is important to create a nurturing and safe space for their child’s early development. For keeping your child secure and grounded, creating predictable rituals and routines is extremely important. Though you are teaching disciplinary aesthetics to your child, keep the learning process gentle. Do not hit your child as it may cause long-term emotional and physical harm. For boosting the little one’s vocabulary, you can read, talk, and sing to them. Interestingly, you can know about the reliability and warmth of a caregiver by observing your child. Besides keeping your toddler happy and healthy, do take care of yourself both physically and emotionally. If you take care of both yourself and others, your child will learn that too.
3 to 5 Years
During the pre-school years, children grow even more independent and capable. Therefore, they will have a natural curiosity about everything as their world expands. This is the time you must devote to reading books to children daily. You can also show them the ways to do simple chores. Also, you must be clear to your child about their behavioural expectation. You should speak to your child with appropriate language instead of using adult terms. This is the right time to involve them in solving light problems as they run high on emotions. Though you give them choices, let them figure out how they want to interact with family members. It will help them shape their confidence.
When your child joins a school after the 5th year of his/her life, he/she gains some independence. Along with that comes the competency attitude. From this age, friends become an influential part of their life and more important. This is the time for them to develop self-confidence. And social and academic challenges help play big roles in developing the most important attribute. As children get mature, parents have to bring the right balance for their kids’ upbringing. The parents have to keep the child safe, enforce some rules, and maintain healthy family connections. Apart from that, as a parent, you have to encourage the child to take some more responsibility and create healthy habits.